Impact of industrial waste water treatment plants on Dutch surface waters and drinking water sources
Direct industrial discharges of Chemicals of Emerging Concern (CEC) to surface water via
industrial wastewater treatment plants (IWTP) gained relatively little attention compared to
discharges via municipal sewage water treatment plants. IWTP effluents however may
seriously affect surface water quality. Here we model direct industrial emissions of all182
Dutch IWTP (19 industrial classes) and their impact on Dutch surface water quality and
drinking water production.